Periodontic Treatment - Treating Gingivitis & Gum Disease‎

What Is Gum Disease & Gingivitis?

Periodontal disease is the infection and inflammation of the gum area. It is caused by plaque, which is a thick, sticky film of bacteria that builds up on teeth. Plaque can harden to become calculus (tartar). Calculus can occur when your teeth and gums have not been cleaned thoroughly or often enough.

To diagnose gum disease our friendly dentists will examine your teeth and gums, existing fillings to make sure they are not loose. Your dentist will also check for any change in size, shape, appearance and texture of gums, as well as checking for any movement of any teeth.

Because gum disease can cause teeth to shift position or become loose, an x-ray may be taken to check if the bony pockets around each tooth are healthy.

The signs and symptoms of periodontal disease include:
  • Red, swollen, tender, painful or bleeding gums
  • Gums that have shrunk from the teeth
  • Persistent bad breath and bad taste in mouth
  • Abscesses between teeth and gums
  • The fit of dentures have changed
  • Loose teeth, or gaps appearing between teeth

Treatment of Gum Disease & Gingivitis

  • Scaling: Cleaning the tooth surface above the gum line and in shallow pockets below the gum line
  • Root planning: Cleaning deposits of plaque and calculus on the tooth roots and in deeper pockets under the gum to leave the root surface clean and smooth.
  • Understanding from your dentist how you can modify your brushing technique and / or frequency to prevent future occurances

What Are The Benefits of Treating Gum Disease & Gingivitis?

  • Healthy gums leading to tighter attachment to teeth
  • Less pain and swelling in your mouth while you go about your life
  • Less pain and blood when brushing
  • Decreased chances of expensive, emergency dental treatment
  • A healthier mouth where your natural teeth feel smooth and clean
  • Less chances of bad breath & more self-confidence
  • A better chance of keeping your natural teeth for life!

If you know or feel like you have gum disease or gingivitis, call us on (03) 9459 6300 or book an appointment online to understand your treatment & early intervention options.

How to Improve Oral Hygiene to Reduce Further Build-Up

As gum disease tends to recur, it is important to have maintenance treatment. This may be as often as every 3 months, or can be incorporated into your regular 6 monthly check-ups. Using dental floss or interdental brushes as well as ensuring you are brushing thoroughly twice a day will help keep teeth and gums clean and reduce the risks of gum disease developing or worsening.

Follow these three steps to prevent and control gum disease and gingivitis:
  1. Excellent oral hygiene must be maintained daily
  2. Plaque and calculus must be removed routinely
  3. Enlarged pockets around the teeth must be treated regularly 

What Are The Risks of Delaying Treatment or Not Treating Gum Disease & Gingivitis?

  • Further disease in the jaw, causing loose teeth
  • Infection from the gums and jaw travelling to the tooth and infecting it (needing more treatment)
  • Tooth Loss leading to more expensive treatment
  • Potentially increased chances of heart disease
  • Links to pre-term low weight birth for pregnant women
  • Bad breath & a lack of social confidence
  • Loss in confidence with your smile
You can also call us on (03) 9459 6300 or book an appointment online for a dental treatment experience your whole family will appreciate.